Music Theory Resources

Species Counterpoint

The material in this section has been devised by Dr. William Drabkin, University of Southampton, based on Johann-Joseph Fux, Gradus ad Parnassum (1725).
Five cantus firmi are given on their own; these form the bases of the examples, and may be used to create further exercises.
The rest of this section is devoted to two- and three-part writing; note-against-note (first species); two notes against one (second species) and tied notes (fourth species). Each subsection has a group of examples that can be manipulated and played back on screen to illustrate aspects of contrapuntal writing.