12.1 Rules for writing up practical classes for

Biol 2005        Back


The first three practicals A - C are scrutinised and feedback given. All four practicals are included in the practical test on 16th May.

A copy of the Honours School guidelines for examiners and students is provided on the next page. The principles provided therein apply to all assessed work examination questions, practical books and essays.

With special reference to Biology practicals: For experimental work your notes should include (a) the object of the experiment, (b) methods, (c) results, and (d) discussion. In your discussion compare your data with that which you might expect on theoretical grounds; attempt to explain any discrepancies, point out possible sources of error and suggest improvements in the experimental design. If possible, evaluate your data using appropriate statistical methods. Include a brief discussion.

Where there is an experiment adopt a standard lay out of:


Material and Methods

Results : Illustrations in the forms of diagrams, histograms, graphs etc. should be included where appropriate.




Where there is no experiment but biological material to describe:

Diagrams should be large, in pencil and with printed pencil labelling. An approximate scale should be given.

Provide drawings: (all in pencil)

Provide a title

Use a full page and label clearly with horizontal indicator lines where possible.

Include a scale bar

Use sampling technique to draw high power detail with cells. (Say a sector from the centre of a microscope slide specimen). On a facing page provide explanation PROVIDED TO YOU IN THE CLASS OR GLEANED FROM BOOKS during the write up period.

A practical write up in this way may contain several sets of drawings with accompanying pages.


Dr. Clive Bennett 2006